Migrating from Older Versions of Laravel

Migrating from older versions of Laravel to a newer version can be a crucial task, as it involves adapting your codebase to the changes and improvements introduced in the latest release. Below are some best practices and considerations for migrating from older versions of Laravel:

Best Practices

Read Release Notes

Start by carefully reading the release notes for each version between your current version and the target version. Laravel’s documentation provides detailed release notes that highlight changes, additions, and deprecations.

Incremental Upgrades

Avoid jumping directly from an older version to the latest one. Perform incremental upgrades, moving through each intermediate version one step at a time. This helps in identifying and resolving issues gradually.

Test Suite

Ensure that you have a comprehensive test suite in place. Run your tests frequently during the migration process to catch any regressions. Laravel provides testing tools like PHPUnit for this purpose.

Update Dependencies

Update third-party dependencies and packages to versions compatible with the target Laravel version. Some packages might have their own version constraints.

Refactor Deprecated Code

Identify and refactor any deprecated code. Laravel releases deprecation warnings to alert developers about features that will be removed in future versions. Address these warnings during your migration.

Use Laravel Shift

Consider using Laravel Shift, an automated service designed to assist with Laravel upgrades. It automates a significant portion of the upgrade process and can save you time and effort.

Check PHP Version Compatibility

Ensure that your PHP version is compatible with the target Laravel version. Laravel has minimum PHP version requirements for each release.

Review Configuration Changes

Check for any changes in configuration files. Laravel updates may introduce new configuration options or modify existing ones. Make sure your application settings align with the new Laravel version.

Update Artisan Commands

Laravel’s Artisan commands might change in newer versions. Update any custom Artisan commands you’ve created to match the latest syntax and structure.

Middleware and Route Changes

Review changes in middleware and routes. Laravel updates might introduce new middleware or alter the behavior of existing ones. Adjust your routes and middleware accordingly.


Custom Packages and Service Providers

If your application uses custom packages or service providers, ensure they are compatible with the target Laravel version. You may need to update or replace them.

Database Migrations

Check for changes in database migrations. Laravel updates may introduce new database features or alter the schema. Update your migrations accordingly.

Authentication and Authorization

Laravel’s authentication and authorization systems may evolve with updates. Verify that your user authentication and authorization logic align with the latest Laravel practices.

Eloquent ORM

Review changes in Eloquent ORM, as newer Laravel versions may introduce improvements or modifications. Adjust your Eloquent queries and relationships as needed.

Frontend Assets

If you’re using Laravel Mix or any frontend tools, check for changes in asset compilation and versioning. Update your asset-related configurations as necessary.

Queue Workers and Jobs

Laravel’s queue system may undergo changes. Review the documentation for any updates related to queue workers and jobs.

Session and Cache Configuration

Verify your session and cache configurations, as updates may introduce new drivers or configuration options. Ensure that your application’s caching and session management align with the latest Laravel practices.

Localization and Internationalization

If your application supports multiple languages, check for updates related to localization and internationalization. Adjust your language files and translations accordingly.

Monitoring and Logging

Review any changes or enhancements in Laravel’s monitoring and logging capabilities. Ensure that your application’s logging aligns with the latest Laravel features.


Keep the Laravel documentation handy. It serves as a valuable resource during the migration process, providing information on new features, changes, and best practices.

Remember to thoroughly test your application at each stage of the migration process. The goal is to ensure that your application remains stable, secure, and performs optimally after the upgrade.

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